Mutual fund is an investment fund where multiple investors pool their money to purchase securities. Such funds are managed by a highly trained professional commonly known as a fund manager or portfolio manager. This individual invests this corpus of funds into different securities such as stocks, debentures, bonds, gold, etc. as per the objective of the fund and with the aim of reaping profits out of such investment.
Let’s understand this more clearly with an example of a mutual fund known as Hybrid Equity Fund. Normally, all invest such mutual funds around 70% of the total corpus in equity, 18% in debt and 12% in other securities. Within such umbrella of securities, there are a large number of companies.
The investment of money into a various types of securities a dividend supported by fixed returns. Also, within such types of securities, example- equity, there are a lot of companies existing in various sectors such as banking, refineries, housing finance and construction, etc. This helps the corpus through the benefit of diversification so that if any of these sectors under performs there is a low impact on the overall value of investment.